My name is Clare Roberts and I was chosen as one of the recipients of a fellowship with MISS to attend the Oceans Research Institute’s internship during July 2022 in Mossel Bay, South Africa.
I am a 21-year-old woman of colour living in Cape Town, South Africa. I am currently in my third year of study at the University of Cape Town where I major in Oceanography and Marine Biology.
As a young woman, I quickly learnt what it meant to pursue a science career. Not only having to fight the patriarchal views of society which push women down every day, but studying science in a country still divided by the deep roots of historic racism meant that I’d have to deal with not only the economic effects of racism but also the socio-political influence that would make many spheres of science elitist and difficult to access.
The majority of my time at university thus far has been spent under Covid-19 lockdown. During this period, I not only questioned my abilities as an aspiring scientist but also if a career in marine science, which I had been working towards my entire life, was right for me. At the end of almost two years of lockdown, with limited experience in the marine field, I was encouraged to research internship opportunities in order to gain more practical experience in marine science. In these explorations, I was soon discouraged to find that these opportunities were inaccessible to me from an economic point of view. Included in these was the Ocean Research Institute (ORI) internship, which I was particularly drawn to for I had little experience with shark research. Thus, I was beyond elated when I saw the fellowship opportunity and collaboration between MISS and ORI. Coming into this experience, I hoped not only gain practical experience but also to answer the question of whether the field of marine science was one that I wanted to be in and belonged in.
Despite being so close to one of the largest great white shark hubs, I had previously had few encounters and chances to truly understand these majestic creatures. To be able to learn more about sharks in the country of my birth would not only be incredibly illuminating from a career perspective but also allow me talk with more conviction as an aspiring marine scientist about great whites which seem to be shrouded by a veil of fear among the generally population.
The month of July did not disappoint; it was filled with out of this world experiences, challenges that expanded my capabilities as a scientist and inspiring conversations. On our first chumming trip I was granted the spectacular experience of seeing my first great white shark up close and personal. This was made particularly exciting by the fact that great whites had not been seen for over a month in Mossel Bay. Seeing the absolute majesty and power of the great white in person has allowed to truly appreciate the value of field exposure, as no number of lectures could have ever prepared me for the emotions I felt in that moment; all awe, fear, love. On subsequent trips I found it very interesting that every single shark we encountered seemed to have a completely different ‘personality’, so much so that we could at times tell sharks apart solely by distinctive behaviour alone. The nuances of this experience alone were enough to make this internship worthwhile but combined with practical scientific research and it became truly invaluable. Towards the end of the month, we were given the opportunity to be involved in a dolphin necropsy- something that I had only watched videos on before. We were required to measure different portions of the body, collect samples of organs and check for parasites internally and externally. Talking to the citizen scientists, who have a network of volunteers along the coast of South Africa, and perform similar necropsies on dolphins and cetaceans, I learnt the importance of this work to further our understanding of the interactions (parasitic, mutualistic etc.), predation pressure and important food sources associated with these marine animals. Needless to say, this unique experience was definitely one of my highlights of the month!
The day I was on the data shift when a super-pod of bottlenose dolphins was in the bay marked one of the most challenging experiences I have had as a young scientist. On this shift I was required to record the observable, above-water behaviour of individual dolphins; including any breaches, social calls, travelling interactions and feeding behaviour, among other things. This was made particular difficult by the sheer number of dolphins surrounding the boat which I needed to keep track of. In overwhelming moments, I learnt quickly that keeping a calm disposition under pressure is vital and to communicate my struggles to my teammates so that they could help me in these moments.
I will always consider talking to the field specialists and other interns about their experiences in the marine field as some of the most inspirational and influential conversations I have ever had. The field specialists, despite having much more experience in this field than me, made me feel worthy of being a scientist. By conversing with the other interns about their personal, unique experiences in the field of science and of different parts of the world, my mind was expanded to many new possibilities and paths that my future career in science could take.
It is quite difficult to sum up all that I have learnt, felt and overcome this month. One clear feeling is the propelling force of motivation. Motivation to continue to study towards a career in marine science. Motivation to overcome the bonds that try to hold me back as a woman of colour. The Ocean Research Institute made me feel welcomed and accepted into the field of shark science which was at first strange and new to me. I come away from this experience with a group of people, from the field specialists to the interns to everyone I met on the way, that made me feel like I belonged there.
With this experience in my pocket, I hope to use the lessons that I've learnt over this past month to inspire and empower other woman of colour to achieve their goals and aim for their dream careers. I would like to conclude with a huge thank you to MISS for allowing me this incredible opportunity!
Where do I even start? Should I start when I was applying for MISS scholarship? Should I start from my first day interning at Ocean Research or should I start when I was enrolling for my undergraduate studies? Because if it wasn’t MISS scholarship and Ocean Research, I would still be feeling lost and clueless about the career (Marine Science) I chose.
Lost and still enrolled in marine science
Everyone used to ask me “what do you want to be and why did you choose marine science”? I honestly, did not have answer until last month (July 2022). And I think it was because I grew up inland, and I get to know ocean when I found myself enrolled in Marine science. How? I still don’t know.
There was a time I thought of changing career, but I just told myself “Let me finish Diploma: Marine Science first and I will see what will happen”. I finish diploma and again, I still found myself enrolled in Advanced Diploma: Marine science, still lost and not sure if this is what I want to do. “I guess I had hope that one day I will fell in love with ocean, and it just happen”.
A life changing opportunity
Earlier this year (2022) I was on Linked-In, and I came across MISS scholarship. Although I met requirement, I had doubts about applying because I am fulltime student (currently enrolled for Advanced Diploma: Marine Science) and I am just an average student. But I end up applying and I was selected. It took time for me to believe that I am really selected because of my fears e.g., “if I will fit in”.
Ocean research internship experience
Still can’t believe I saw a Great white shark on the first day of interning at ORI. First few days was challenging but during the process of learning every day and stepping out of my comfort zone, I gradually become more confident in myself, my abilities and my contribution.
Throughout the program, I was involved in different that includes study, tracking and collection of data of Great white sharks’ and Cetaceans (Dolphins); Responding to Marine Mammal Stranding; Surveying the plastic pollution at the beach; Sea fishing; and Conducting survey on the intertidal (studying the community of intertidal species). My highlight experience was “witnessing the tagging of the Great white Shark.
Interning at ORI was one of unforgettable and rewarding experience. I am so grateful to meet incredible, smart and motivating field specialist (Lacey, Emmanuel and Charley). I got to learn how to communicate more effectively, collect scientific data using different instruments (e.g., BRUV, photo ID), and working in team. In addition, I got opportunity to improve my personal and professional skills and I believe these valuable skills have boosted my professional skills and prepared me for my future career.
Now, I confidently say what I want to be and which field of marine science I will be further my studies on. Thank you, MISS and ORI, for giving me this opportunity.
The week I got to spend at the Bimini Shark Lab back in 2018 while participating from the Shark Bio course offered by professors Dan Abel and Dean Grubbs sparked a longing to come back. I wanted to apply for an internship at the shark lab the very moment I set foot at the station. However, back home, some unexpected situations prevented me from that goal: strikes due to government oppression, earthquakes, lack of resources, storms, sickness, a pandemic and so forth. In the meanwhile, I always kept my hopes up.
Years passed until one summer day I saw a post about a fellowship opportunity at the Bimini Shark Lab offered by MISS Elasmo. In 2020 I was able to I join MISS Elasmo's community and then, as a member, I was thrilled to finally apply for the opportunity I was still longing for. Luckily, there was no better time for me to go for it. I applied, got interviewed and got in! As a bonus, this internship opportunity came just in time for my 30th year trip around the Sun. Never too late, huh? To think I'm almost as old as the Shark Lab itself!
During my time there, I got to see up close Tiger, Caribbean reef, Blacktip, Bull, Blacknose, Nurse and Great hammerhead sharks along the lab's star species: The Lemon shark. Also, I got to observe other cool shark relatives. Not only I got the chance to see all of these incredible species, but I also got to learn different lab and field skills as well as to take all the classes offered by the staff and visiting professors. I even got to spend my birthday on the beach with a bonfire, an amazing course group, a mouth-watering dinner and a chocolate-coconut cake! Also, had the chance to see Dr. Grubbs again that same day. Furthermore, the staff and the interns went above and beyond to make it one of the most memorable and special birthdays in all my years.
I recall waking up to see the sunrise (whenever I could actually wake up that early) to then fulfill our daily duties so we could have everything set to go out for some shark time and overall making the most of our days. Each day was different and felt special. What made it even better was the people I got to meet during this internship.
Overall, this experience got me going through a huge checklist of things I wanted to learn for so long. It gave me new insights, skills and a chance to put those into practice. Also, I got to work individually and as part of a team performing different tasks. Plus, I got to meet an incredible bunch including my fellow interns, which I'll hopefully get see soon for a reunion. If I have to wait again for a while for another opportunity such as this one, now I know for certain that it's worth it.
Hello to all my Ocean fanatics!
My name is Melissa Sanchez, I am currently completing my senior year of undergraduate studies in the Marine Science department at the University of Connecticut (UCONN) Avery Point campus. My life has continually exposed me to setbacks and failures. Instead of spending these moments agonizing over the past, I now use this time to re-strategize for whatever it be I need to improve in order to succeed. My dyslexia and ADHD came at the high price of what I believed I was capable of. At a young age, the beach was where I confided in, a place to sit and reflect. Spending the majority of my life frequently visiting the beach allowed me for deep reflection. After understanding, you create your own reality and it begins with your mindset, unlearning the way I perceived myself to be has been the real challenge. Picking a career in STEM where I am a minority, a woman, and have learning disabilities has taught me that despite the challenges I am facing, others are also experiencing their own individual challenges. Learning to deal with these challenges appropriately is the secret weapon.
I now understand that challenges do not go away with time. It is only through facing challenges head-on that one can reflect. Challenges are the only way one can evolve and continue to break boundaries despite any of the hardships involved in doing so. It is because of this new mindset that I now love challenging myself. I am currently on track for completing a minor in chemistry, an accomplishment I would have never believed achievable if it had not been for my transformative mindset. Becoming a part of the MISS community has been a reminder that there are many who believe in breaking barriers and change for the better by being that change! MISS is exactly the community that I have been searching for, a place where despite everyone’s different journeys, we are committed to equity and change in the science community by demanding it (we rock!). Representing minorities in STEM is becoming more the norm thanks to our power standing together, and to organizations and companies that actively create
more opportunities in the research community. Forming communities where women stand tall and strong together is why I had the opportunity of working with Great White Sharks. I have spent the month of August Summer 2021 located in Mossel Bay, South Africa completing my internship with Oceans Research on Great White Sharks. My time here was occupied by conducting shark assessments, fin cam analysis, and assisting Luca Caracausi, an Italian Master's student obtaining tissue samples for isotopic analysis on the famous endemic Pyjamas Shark ( Poroderma africanum)! In total, we recorded data on 55 pyjamas, 91 whites, and saw over 100 whites! One of my most memorable days was when we got to tag whites. This was not an easy task as anyone who has worked with sharks can testify, as quickly as they make an appearance, is also as quickly as they can make their exit. Witnessing how important collaboration is within crew members and how this inherently ties to the contribution for collecting data on a long-term population dynamic study is incredible! I came here ready to be taken away by the elegance of the Great White Sharks. What I did not anticipate was how phenomenal the collaborators, staff, and other MISS intern who accompanied me, Sharleen Muñoz are. Wow, what an incredible group of individuals to work aside by, their dedication, commitment, and passion speak volumes!
Not much of my interest has changed since I was a child, instead, I have had the opportunity and honor to watch myself complete milestones to a dream I had growing up. I believe changing this world perspective to place conservation as a priority is achievable only with establishing communities such as Oceans Research and MISS where their sole intention is to continue to push individuals towards reaching their goals through furthering research and educational opportunities. When organizations can collaborate as demonstrated now the possibilities become endless. Oceans have reinforced this is exactly what I’d love to dedicate the rest of my life to. Thank you MISS for allowing me to feel a sense of belonging and power. I am honored to be one of the 1st as well as youngest MISS fellow! I cannot help but shed a few tears
knowing I actively contributed towards future Great White Sharks studies! This is not the end of my journey but the beginning of my contribution towards Ocean Conservation.
A special thank you to the 4 awesome creators of MISS, your decision to pick me as a MISS fellow has made an imprint on me, I cannot wait to see what else MISS will accomplish!
"Finally! I finally finished! I can't believe I did it!! I can't believe I graduated...But, now what do I do?" These were my thoughts when I finally finished my undergrad. I've been dreaming of going back to school for so long and now that I finished, I had no idea what my next step or what my next goal was going to be.
My journey is what some may call as non-traditional. I didnt go straight into a 4 year university after high school, instead, i went to community college and worked part time. After a while, I decided to take a break from school to work full time and eventually the idea of returning to my studies was put on the back burner.
After a couple of years, I finally decided that enough was enough, and sent in my university application. Now, not everything was rainbows and lollipops. I experienced a lot of imposter syndrome throughout my undergrad! I had a lot of self doubt, I started to question my capabilities, and unfortunately, I started to compare myself to other students. I felt that as an older student, I struggled to keep up with all of the younger, straight out of high school students. There were days where I felt that all my passed knowledge and qualifications were not good enough.
These exact feelings of self doubt returned when I applied for the Oceans Research internship. As I was filling out the application, I kept thinking, "it would be amazing to be chosen, but I know there's better qualified individuals out there who deserve this opportunity more than me!"
Just before the interview, I remember feeling excited, nervous, and anxious. I couldn't believe I was going to talk to the founding members of MISS. I remember getting all gitty to talk to them about my experience and about myself. But, once again, those feelings of not being good enough kept echoing in my head. After the interview, I remember feeling relieved but at the same time, i kept thinking I could have done better, or that my answers weren't good enough.
I actully felt that I bombed the interview (again, good ole imposter syndrome doing its thing). So, imagine my surprise and shock when I recieved the congratulations email of getting chosen to participate in this amazing opportunity. I don't think words can even describe how I felt at that moment. I remember I kept re-reading the email every morning, going over it multiple times. I just couldn't believe I was chosen! I couldn't believe that I going to be working with professionals already in the field of marine biology.
So by this point, im sure we have figured out my pattern of having an amazing opportunity presented to me, followed by our good friend imposter syndrome. So, without further ado, cue yet another imposter syndrome moment. Thats right folks, once again those feelings of self doubt and incompetence were front row and centre.
I was very nervous and yes, I was very worried that I wouldn't have the capacity required to perform well in the field. In the beginning, I felt as if they were going to see right through me and for some reason come to the conclusion that I didn't belong.
Nonetheless, as the days passed and as I acquired new skills, I slowly but surely started to overcome that fear of not being enough. I started to get confidence in myself and in my abilities. With every question answered and with every mistake I made, a valuable lesson was learned. Everyday we were challeneged with a task, and everyday I saw myself grow more and more confident.
These new skills and adventures further cemented the passion that I have for marine biology. This experience has reinforced that this is indeed the path that I want to continue on and that not even my self doubt will impede me from accomplishing my goals.
This summer working with MISS, New College Florida and Havensworth Coastal Conservation was one I will never forget. As someone without a support system when it comes to education and my career it was incredible to meet people like me who also love and work with sharks. The relationships built this summer will stay with me forever and help me feel more confident moving forward in shark science. I met so many talented and amazing women in science and it was so inspiring. My first day on the boat was so surreal and it really never stopped. I would catch myself thinking “how did I even get here?” on almost every trip out on the water. Every day on the boat and in the lab was a dream. Sure yeah, sometimes waking up at five am was a little tough but it was always worth it. I loved setting lines, gill netting not to mention working on a team of all women most of the time. It’s not all sharks though, there is bait cutting,stinky little catfish and lots of hard work. While we surveyed this summer we saw and worked up several species of sharks and I even started to be able to identify them in the water. One of my favorite days was when unexpectedly we caught one nurse shark and two hammerheads all over five feet long. Seeing them up close was breathtaking and unreal. All summer we mostly worked with juveniles so this was an opportunity to not only see larger sharks but learn the skills required to gather data from them as well. Overall I learned more than I could have imagined and am so excited to see what the future brings for me in shark science. Also while in Florida, I got to work with children in outreach programs with MISS and that was also just a mind blowing experience. What I would have given to see someone like me do something I loved would have been monumental in my childhood. It still is monumental when I see it as an adult, in most of my classes I’m one of a few bipoc students. I was in amazed all summer with how smart and strong these women are, I was constantly in awe and telling everyone I knew how great they were. Breaking barriers and helping others all while maintaining their own lives. You can have what you want, do what you want and still achieve your dreams. MISS is truly a one of a kind organization making dreams into reality. Working with and seeing BIPOC in shark science has truly been one of the highlights of my life and I can’t wait for more.
The first thing I thought when I got the email that I had received a MISS fellowship to support my Shark research internship was “things like this do not happen to people like me”. Then there were tears of joy and thoughts of “how am I going to do this?” but the common refrain of “I can not believe I am getting this opportunity” repeated through my head all summer. I could not believe that someone saw my story - my history - and gave me this opportunity.
I am what is frequently now called a non-traditional student. In my case, this means euphemistically “mature”. I grew up in a time before social media. I was born to an African immigrant father and a white American mother and lived in a suburban town that did not match the diversity of the surrounding bay area. I did not see a space for a girl who looked like me in science – especially not shark science - so I chose another route. I grew up, went to college, got a degree in the liberal arts, moved away, and found my way to the healthcare field where I worked for 10 years before having my son. I watched as the world changed. I had fallen in love with the ocean as a young girl and through connections and education I learned more about what was happening to it because of human activity. I grew angry and concerned for the world I was leaving my son. In the meantime, visibility of women in science had increased. I could see myself becoming a voice for the planet. I started taking courses at ASU and then the world shut down. Being cooped up in my house, with my son, knowing I had just started my new direction was frustrating. However, this lockdown proved to be transformative for my directional path. In this time, I discovered MISS.
MISS was created by four women who – when they did not see a space for themselves – created their own space. Then found each other and decided to create space for other women of color in their field. I discovered them via social media and when I learned of an opportunity to pursue shark field research – I sent in my application – still thinking “things like this do not happen to people like me”. Some weeks later I got my acceptance email and the offer of the MISS fellowship and found myself on a shark research boat in the Gulf of Mexico.
Every day was different. On boat days, my co-fellow Aneysa and I would wake up, get ourselves some caffeine and “boat food” and get ourselves to New College where we would load up the gear for the day either onto our New College boat or into the New College truck. If we were working out of Sarasota Bay, it was straight onto the boat. When we worked out of Terra Ceia Bay and up into Manatee River, we drove our gear to the dock of the co-sponsor of our internship – Havenworth Coastal Conservation. We hauled fishing gear, bait and food coolers, equipment to take water chemistries as well as tools and instruments we would need in the field to measure and workup any elasmobranchs or teleosts that we caught. Some days we were successful – almost too much so on one day when we caught two separate schools of fish. One of cownose rays and one of crevalle jack which in addition to some various other species added up to over 100 total animals in one net. Other days were not. During the summer there was a bloom of Karenia brevis leading to a red tide event. The bay lost a lot of sea life during this time and seeing it firsthand was an educational event all on its own.
I gained knowledge about fieldwork and marine science in general this summer. But I also gained so much more. I gained invaluable experience in a time when it seemed that would be impossible. And the most important thing I gained this summer was confidence. Not just in myself as a woman of color scientist going forward, but confidence in my place in the scientific community and knowing that I belong here and that I have the support of all the members and supporters of MISS.
By Candace Narvaez
The sound of my alarm stirs me from a deep sleep. I groan and turn over, sleeping the alarm for just a few more minutes. Once its 7:30 am, the banging on my door reminds me that the day has begun. I spend the last thirty minutes until the work day begins getting ready before heading out to personal duties at eight o’clock. I grab the Windex, or on some days a broom, and head out to the truck, three other volunteers joining me at the truck while everyone else heads to dock to check the boats and lines. Once personal duties are done, we all head inside for morning meeting, where we get our itinerary for the day before breaking off into our respective groups. No matter what, we pack the same standard dry box every time we go out on the boats and then add in specific items depending on the activity. Today is no exception since we’ll be trolling out towards North so we pack the dry box, grab the trolling rods, make our field lunches, and head out on either one of the skiffs or on one of the twenties. Out on the water, I’m not sure what to expect since I’ve never been fishing before coming to Bimini, especially not off the stern of the boat. One of the long term volunteers patiently explains how one rod sets their line farther from the boat while the other line sets closer to the stern so that the two lines don’t get tangled, keeping an eye out for the silver spoon attached at the end. After just a few minutes of waiting, my rod bends towards the water, indicating a fish is hooked. I reel in quickly and scream in excitement when I see a decent sized barracuda on the end, not expecting to catch a fish on my first try. We spend the rest of the day taking turns fishing before returning to the lab for End of Day, which consists of daily lab maintenance tasks, with our haul. The work day ends once dinner is finished and it takes everything in me not to immediately crash in my bed, excited to start another day.
I decided to apply for the MISS Fellowship because I’d hoped to meet others like me, people who are passionate about science and research, while also wanting the opportunity to gain first-hand knowledge on conducting shark research, particularly field techniques, and open myself up to learning new and novel skills.
Growing up, it was difficult to find a strong sense of community, especially because I never felt like I truly fit into either the Hispanic or American communities. I was a hybrid of cultures in a society that pressured singular identities and I always felt like my mixed upbringing prevented me from assimilating one way or the other. I wasn’t a true Latina because I couldn’t speak Spanish or didn’t have stereotypical Hispanic qualities yet I also wasn’t a true American because I’d grown up influenced by a foreign culture, eating Hispanic foods and identifying with many Spanish core beliefs. It wasn’t until I was in college, where POC were few and far between, that I realized just how important representation and community are, especially when it comes to a future career.
My greatest fears and challenges going into my internship were mainly racial and gender based. As many people of color can attest, it is virtually impossible to progress in STEM as a person of color without experiencing some level of discrimination, harassment, or mistreatment based on your ethnic identity. Add gender into the mix and the treatment you can face changes dramatically. I have often been treated as less than simply because I am a woman, my thoughts and opinions dismissed or second-guessed no matter how insightful or valid they were, or blatantly disrespected because I’m Hispanic. These situations are so frustrating and exhausting because they happen so often that it can be discouraging. However, one of my favorite aspects of my internship experience was the genuinely warm and welcoming atmosphere created by staff and all of the other interns. My fears of discrimination and mistreatment were immediately eased the second I met the other new volunteers but even more so my first day at the lab. Everyone was so nice and patient, answering question after question without ever once changing their warm tone or making me feel bad for not remembering everything. I have never felt more welcomed or accepted than I did in Bimini, surrounded by truly inspiring people who loved research as much as I do and who I am proud to call my friends.
Alongside my friends and colleagues, I was able to learn and grow in ways I had never expected. When applying for the MISS fellowship, I had shared that one of my greatest weaknesses was asking for help, even if I really needed it. However, at the Shark Lab I realized that not only could I ask for help, but I could rely on those around me time and time again. Everyone was so willing to help each other to the point that I didn’t even have to ask for help before someone was stepping up and offering themselves. It was such a wonderful feeling being able to turn to anyone and find endless support. I think there’s something about the Lab that brings people together like nowhere else. You form such strong bonds with each other very quickly that it’s hard to explain to anyone who hasn’t been here. Maybe it’s because you spend all your time together, sharing meals together, learning and growing together, that you’re able to get far closer than you would under more normal circumstances. Through this experience, I learned what it means to work in a healthy and happy work environment, what it feels like to be accepted for who you are, and how something as seemingly small as grabbing a cereal container for someone else can make all the difference.
That’s why my favorite part of this experience was the people. Meeting all of my friends and interacting with the staff made my days happier and work lighter. We always worked as a team and supported each other, excitedly volunteering for even the most messy or tedious of tasks. Additionally, I loved our group discussions because we really listened to each other and respected and appreciated any differences. All of this allowed me to see research from so many different perspectives and interests that it really broadened my perspective on fields of study that I would have never considered or known existed, such as the impact of anthropogenic sounds on shark behavior. Before, collaborating with others has always been one of my favorite aspects of scientific research, but it wasn’t until I came to the lab that I saw what true collaboration looks like. Its kindness, reliability, trust, and patience—things I’ll carry with me, for the rest of my life.
In conclusion, it has been incredibly inspiring and empowering to be the first of many MISS fellows at the Shark Lab, where I will get to see myself being represented in shark sciences every single day and where I have not only been accepted but rejoiced for who I am.